The single impeachment article was introduced at 11am EST (4pm UK time) on Monday and marks the first step in the Democrat’s move to unseat the President – just days before the end of his term in the White House.
The impeachment article points to Trump’s repeated false claims that he won the election and his speech to the crowd on January 6 before the Capitol was stormed by pro-Trump rioters on January 6.
It also cited the president’s call with the Georgia Republican secretary of state where the President urged him to “find” enough votes for Trump to win the state.
It isn’t the first time there’s been an impeachment process against Trump – but just what is impeachment, and has it happened to other presidents?
What is impeachment?
Impeachment, which is enshrined in the US constitution, allows formal charges to be brought against a civil officer of government for crimes alleged to have been committed.
According to the law: ‘The President, Vice President and all Civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
Rioters stormed the Capitol on January 6 (Picture: Reuters)
Impeachment is considered the first step towards removal from office – although it doesn’t necessarily mean the president will be kicked out, as two thirds or more of senators must convict Trump for him to be removed from office
The president previously faced impeachment after he was accused of trying to cajole Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky into digging up dirt on his rival Joe Biden – although that attempt to impeach him was unsuccessful, with Trump acquitted and remaining in office.
He is the first US president ever to have faced impeachment twice.
Which other US presidents have been impeached?
Bill Clinton is one of only two other presidents who faced impeachment proceedings (Picture: AFP/Getty Images)
Only two other presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton – but both were acquitted by the Senate.
Clinton was impeached in 1998, charged with lying under oath to a federal grand jury, witness-tampering, abuse of power and obstructing justice over his relationship with Monica Lewinsky.
Andrew Johnson was impeached in 1868 after he broke the Tenure of Office Act – which was put in place to ensure that the president didn’t dismiss important government officials without the Senate’s permission – by dismissing Secretary of War Edwin M Stanton.
The house formally impeached him for bringing ‘disgrace, ridicule, hatred, contempt and reproach the Congress of the United States.’. He escaped being removed from office by just one vote.
Articles of impeachment were also passed against Richard Nixon in 1974 but he resigned as president before they could be considered by the full house.
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